One of the major impacts of climate change, according to climate experts, is the disturbance of the water cycle. Because hydrological systems have a major influence on daily life and planning, it's critical to understand how climate change affects drinking water supply, sanitation, food, and energy production.
Effects of Global Warming on Water Cycle
Precipitation, evaporation, and all of the stages in between make up the water cycle. Warmer temperatures due to global arming accelerate water evaporation into the atmosphere, increasing the atmosphere's ability to store water. Increased evaporation may cause some regions to dry out while causing surplus precipitation in others. The shift in precipitation patterns perhaps the most adverse and prominent effect of global warming. And these patterns have brought about an increased likelihood of water-related natural disasters.
Effects of Global Warming on Water-Related Natural Disasters
Droughts may become more common as a result of climate change, since rising air temperatures induce increased evaporation and plant transpiration, speeding up water loss from the soil and plants. Prolonged spells of dryness, alternated with brief, severe bouts of precipitation, will also increase the likelihood of floods.
Also Read: Droughts in Australia
Effects of Global Warming on Water Availability and Quality
Many areas around the world are already facing water shortages. Having read the effects of global warming on the water cycle, it won’t be surprising to know that water scarcity is caused and exacerbated in the face of climate change. Mountain glaciers are melting, putting millions of people's drinking water sources in jeopardy. Sea-level rise, particularly in low-lying, gently sloping coastal regions, can result in saltwater intrusion into groundwater drinking sources, severely impacting the primary water sources of many. This may lead to another global water crisis resulting in another water war.
Also Read: Water Quality in Australia
While this is a comprehensive list of the most significant effects of global warming on water, it is by no means complete. Water's function in agriculture, ocean circulation, recreation, and many other sectors is also expected to be impacted by climate change. It's worth noting, though, that all hope isn't lost. By adopting drastic measures to cut greenhouse gas emissions, climate change can still be halted. Further, conservation of water should be given utmost importance while also adopting ways of how to recycle water to ensure sustainable living.